Historical curiosities

Möller-Wedel binocular camera HH: Cambinox

This camera was made in the years 1956-8 by Möller-Wedel International in Germany in the footsteps of other similar cameras like the Teleca or Cyclops, the Toko brand. The manufacturer, which was called at that time J.D. Möller Optische Werke GmbH (Wedel) was actually a. maker of microscopes , to what today is still devoted

Unlike other binoculars with integrated camera, in this case the camera binoculars are two distinct elements, which have been combined (in fact achieves focus regardless of the binoculars)

The peculiarity of this camera model is that it says was used by the intelligence service of Germany in the West in the 50s, during the Cold War . not surprisingly, in their own advertising the product is sold as optimal for shooting without being perceived.

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The company Möller announced patent binocular with miniature camera combined the June 6, 1955, a technical breakthrough 60 years ago

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CARA Fotochrome with original box

The article you want to show this week is a camera with a look very peculiar: the Fotochrome . This camera was manufactured by Petri in Japan for the Company Harrison Fotochrome on 1965

How strange camera is a consequence of the need to reflect the image through a mirror to produce a positive image the sensitive material is positioned horizontally along the base of the chamber

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The idea of ​​the manufacturer launching this camera was clear: use film Ansco of 5,5x8cms color direct positive, cutting the negative and therefore the cost, but the film should be sent for processing, it was not instantaneous, and it should be explicitly sent to one of the chains selling Fotochrome another. of the drawbacks of this camera was your film was very slow .

The problem was that Polaroid had been doing and positive direct and also he succeeded almost at the time, our Fotochrome looked like a Polaroid and was cheaper (sold for $ 49.50), but did not have the quality and immediacy of Polaroid .

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The directors of the Harrison Fotochrome Inc., hoping that this camera got beat Kodak or Polaroid, they were soon how their stores were filled with defective or unsold Fotochrome cameras the dispute between manufacturer and distributor ended up in court and was. one of the fiascos of the photographic industry hottest The upside of this business disaster was that units on the market very well preserved and unworn , one of which has become part of our collection.

Camera Konica C35 AF - the first compact auto-focus (AF)

Konica C35 AF , a camera whose launch was a global milestone in 1977 because it is the first camera with autofocus of the world

first model C35 was released in 1968 for the house Konishiroku Photo Industry and influenced no doubt cameras that took from 1970 other Japanese companies

The company had started as a site selling rice & nbsp , called Konishi-ya Rokubei Ten and soon became one of the leading businesses in Tokyo's son founder Sugiura Rokusaburo, took a photograph in a studio when he was 25 . This experience was so impressed that began to introduce the sale of photographic material in your business from 1873

Finally Sugiura Rokusaburo left the family business to launch its own store, Honten Konishi Rokuemon, dedicated exclusively to the sale of photographic and medical equipment

The name Konica was originally who gave a model of 35mm camera introduced in 1947. As was also the case with the name Leica or Yashica, the name Konica is actually the stands for the name of the manufacturer (Konishiroku), adding the suffix" ca" of" camera" . the company name officially changed to Konica Corporation until 1987. Later Konica Minolta merged in 2003, becoming Konica Minolta, and leaving to manufacture cameras in 2006.

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The model is in our collection is the C35 AF , to which he was also known for their nickname: " Jasupin" this is without doubt a milestone in the history of popular cameras, because as we said this model is & nbsp. ;. the first camera with autofocus of the world This model was launched in November 1977 and is a evolution also historical C35 EF , which was the first auto-exposure 35mm compact camera with integrated flash and function

system AF it was designed Honeywell and worked without batteries, was a system" passive" by comparison image was incredible for the time This technique is based, as in the case of rangefinders in the & nbsp. ; angular difference between separate receivers, to the superimpose. the same scene So is able to determine not only if the system is out of focus, but also the amount and direction of movement of lens required to achieve the targeted optimum

As you can see is a historic camera, a cornerstone of the new technology, not perfected until many years later. Their success was resounding , is said to Konica sold one million units

This type of cameras represented a great social change, thanks to its lightness, . reliability and easy handling in fact, one of the greatest exponents of pop culture, Andy Warhol, used this type camera normally and the apparently had 3 Konicas

Irwin Lark camera type" sardine"

Today we want to introduce a couple of cameras with an appearance very current. And this is not unusual, since both cameras, along with others such as & nbsp Kandor, or the Komet are considered the ancestors of the current Lomographic camera La Sardina. But ... what exactly is lomography

the history of lomography began in 1982 in St. Petersburg, with the creation of the Lomo LC-a, an improved version of the Cosina CX-1. 9 years later a group of young students from Vienna came up with the Lomo LC-A and started to popularize both the model and the type of photos that were obtained, also made from novel angles. The rest is history, with the creation of the Lomographic Society International in 1992, international exhibitions, invading the market with cameras like the Diana +, new movies ... and the launch of La Sardina.

But back to our cameras, as you can see have an aesthetic very similar La Sardina, and we do not need to explain what they all have in common: they seem really a can of sardines

Legend has it that a sailor named Irwin, photography enthusiast, created a camera of a can of sardines on a brief stopover in Douarnenez, France, in 1934

Later this sailor moved to Chicago, where they allied with local gangsters to transport illegally sardines from France to the United States to make their Kandor cameras. what it is is sure the company Irwin Corporation began selling film cameras 127 shaped tin of sardines at the price of $ 2.98, but the company was not in Chicago, but in New York

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The Sunbeam Minicam was manufactured by the firm Sunbeam Camera Comany between 1938 and 1948 . the Lark Candid Type was manufactured by Irwin Corp. on 1939. It has a lens Eyvar 50mm and caught exposures 3x4cm on a reel of 127 virgin, a type of very popular reel in the '50s but almost extinct today. the Irwin Corp. marketed these cameras, . mainly through drugstores and small bazaars Cheap for reference I can say that Lark was $ 1.49 in the early '40s

Kodak folding camera Boy Scout version UK Ltd.

the Boy Scout Kodak , considered the first Scout camera & nbsp. ; Between 1929 and 1934, the American company produced three chambers designed by Walter DorwinTeague (a true pioneer of industrial design) for Scouts , version Boy Scouts, Girl Scouts and Camp Fire Girls. Each camera worn on the front cover shield its official emblem and the words of the model recorded on the shutter

the Foticos we have in the collection is the model for Boy Scouts designs do in olive green, the official color of the Scout uniform. Specifically, it is the English version of this design , which at the top, rather than the emblem of the Scouts has a lily as a symbol. In addition, the English version has the bellows in black instead of green. It is considered to be the first portable camera shockproof, water and fire

Regarding the photographic apparatus, it is a special version of the Kodak Vest Pocket Model B (the Kodak soldier , as we mentioned in another statement above), but without the metal pen. Takes pictures 4x6,5 cm in rolls of film 127. Although the production numbers are unknown, it is known that it is relatively hard to find camera .

Kodak poster

A billboard French Kodak, which could date from the years' 40s

The poster was framed by Wilian this week and the truth is has been spectacular , the new frame in red and gold gets emphasize even more colorful poster

The poster advertises the Photo-Films H. Suffize house in Vermenton ( France) as a specialist distributor of Kodak home. for the type of film showing the sign we could deduce that the cartel would date from the years' 40s, probably after World War II. the clothes of the characters and the types of carrying chamber corroborate this dating

In fact we found other French advertising posters house Kodak similar : typography even colorful, are similar to those of the author Max Ponty , author of a large number of posters of the time

 

        

   

25 original photographs first year Kodak 1890aprox

round pictures that were made with the Kodak Box end of the nineteenth century .

In the communiqué 245 we talked and the Kodak Box first camera roll of film that launched Kodak with intent to popularize photography. As we told you and then, Kodak's invention greatly facilitated the use of the camera: until then the photographers had to bear large and heavy cameras, and in many cases with a portable revealed. In contrast with the Kodak Box, as saying his catchphrase, client only had to push the button, Kodak was responsible for the rest (once used the film the customer must return the camera to the manufacturer, who returned it again and charged with photographs revealed). Twelve years after the launch of the Kodak Box Eastman launched the Brownie, which included the news that the film could be removed from the camera a dead time.

The roll film on paper with the Kodak Box was loaded allowed to get 100 photographs of 6,4cms circular diameter . The roll of the first chamber was based on paper, which was soon replaced by cellulose film, transparent and flexible. Round images allowed also to avoid the corners, where the optical not solve the image satisfactorily, plus avoided. any other small inaccuracy as the photos with crooked horizons

George Eastman, founder of Kodak, understood soon photographic business was not so much in the cameras, but in the film processing , which if extrapolated to the current reality we can compare with what happens with printers inkjet: a device may be cheaper for the customer, but consumables mean constant purchases. Therefore for the launch of the Kodak Box Eastman featured Brownell for the design a simple model, fixed focus and no viewfinder, practically a cardboard box .

Round photographs that remain show that & nbsp and; are really" snapshots" , ie, show a moving reality that did not have to pose for the photo necessarily for it not out moved. the photographs have become part of our collection they are a sample of how it was the life around 1888 (the year of launch of the Kodak Box): costumes, activities, cities, machines ... everything has been portrayed forever with this peculiar form

Olympus PEN

Olympus is part of a tradition, the Japanese, who led for years the development of cameras, although it currently focuses mainly on the production of medical equipment such as endoscopes

the Olympus Corporation was founded in 1919 by a young lawyer (Takeshi Yamashita) who had no experience in the world of optical or photo . The company got its line of microscopes lifted and allowed the company to expand production to the field of photography. Thanks to hiring Yoshihisa Maitani managed to win the brand in the world of photography

Takeshi Yamashita, founder Olympus

the name of the brand has a histori curious initially Yamashita founded the company with the name. Takachiho Seisakusho (Takachiho is the name of a famous Japanese mountain, according to Japanese mythology, is the residence of eight million gods and goddesses), with this name the founder wanted to indicate that the quality of their products were worthy of the gods who inhabited the mountain. As the intention of Yamashita it was to export their products and in the western world mountain Takachiho was not known, in February 1921 the company patented the Olympus brand (referring to the abode of the gods in Greek mythology).

Maitani, great photography enthusiast, inaugurated the golden age of Olympus creating the famous Olympus-Pen . the goal was to get a cheap camera to this camera should be small innovation means frame (each 35mm negative 2 images were obtained without changing the reel) , together with the target D-Zuiko, got the camera out a real success and camera was so easy to use as a pen, hence its name . Due to the great success of sales of the Olympus Pen, the company decided to expand and in 1964 the Olympus Optical GmbH was established in Hamburg (Germany), where it expands its market throughout Europe

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in our collection we have several Olympus-Pen (ID 4767, 371, 1053, 165.) and a camera Olympus O-Product (id. 370, launched to the market in 1988 in an edition limited to 20000 units) and several posters advertising, as well as several other cameras and even a anagrifo glasses iconic Japanese brand that now parted .

Camara party made in MADRID

Today we speak of a Kodak manufactured in Spain: Brownie Party

This camera was manufactured from 1962 to 1966 for the market Hispanic in different countries, including Spain . the problem that Kodak was facing at that time was that at that time only 12% of Spanish households had a camera, and import the American model could dramatically influence . the final sale price at that time the camera was on sale for 350 pesetas (about 2 €), which would actually amount to about 60 € is a . low cost camera when compared to other cameras of the time

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Kodak Brownie are a series of cameras that especially contributed to the popularization of domestic photography. the first Brownie appeared in 1900 and is named for the pixies created by Palmer Cox that were used in ads Kodak.

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The camera Party, which used film 127 was composite for a total of 32 pieces, of which 97% were made in Spain (the other components were imported from the United States or France). of the parts manufactured in Spain which were metallic character were held in Madrid, coming from other parts of Barcelona

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The curiosity of this camera model is that the manufacturing camera included at the top inside the inscription" Made in Madrid. . Spain" This incensed manufacturers Barcelona, ​​who pressured Kodak to amend the registration to get Finally Kodak changed the registration with the . possible trade implications in the Catalan market .

Posógrafo Kaufman

Today we want acercaros an article very special that is already part of our collection and has aroused the curiosity of some of you: posógrafo Kaufmann

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But .. . What is a posógrafo? - you may ask. For posógrafo is a pocket computer helping photographers to calibrate environmental variations of the composition wanted to capture in order to configure the camera controls optimally. The funny thing is that this invention dating from as early as 1920

This contrivance, invented by Kaufmann , presented a internal mechanisms compounds of flat metal levers cut crankset , connected together to respond shaped aperture and exposure time a lot of conditions of all kinds: color floor and walls, exterior light, space sky seen, month of the year and daylight, tone and clarity, kind of scenario, state of the sky ...

Our measured posógrafo 13x8,5cms and weighs approximately 100 grams and is composed of pictures enameled and bordered by a frame nickel showing the factors that determine and ideal exposure time Article is also presented in a beautiful leather case to create this device was necessary. . experience along 4 years all possible conditions that could deal a photographer

Today all photographers work with photometers to measure them light so we can use the most appropriate on each occasion diaphragm and speed. it seems incredible that almost 100 years Kaufmann ago would pool their mathematical knowledge to the photographic experience to offer an object so useful at the same aesthetic.


Kodak camera Anniversary 1880-1930

camera the 50th anniversary of Eastman Kodak <. strong> 1930 , when American society was immersed in the great depression, Kodak celebrated its 50th anniversary with a gesture surprising philanthropic: gave cameras to 550,000 American children (500,000 in US . and 50,000 in Canada) who met 12 years

The campaign began on May 1, 1930 and lasted just three days (the time it took supplies last). children, accompanied by their parents, had to go to a store Kodak to collect as fantastic gift. No doubt, George Eastman was a man with a marketing mindset, because it is very likely that these children to become loyal and enthusiastic customers of the Kodak brand.

The model was a simple camera box Hawkeye No. 2 Model B mustard and the hallmark of 50 anivesario, manufactured exclusively for this purpose. Along with the camera also delivered a film roll 120 and an instruction booklet . . Below you can see a short video showing this piece and accessories . In the same a signed note by G. Eastman in saying" I want you to be so happy to receive it as we are to give it to you" & nbsp included

It is very difficult to find one of these original cameras in perfect condition. Most market there are quite worn and even I deteriorated, stamped partly torn. It is certainly understandable as its first users were children 12 years. In the photos below you can see the piece we have in our collection, and is, as always, at your disposal

Vanity Vest Pocket Kodak Camera Series III

this we week to present an iconic Kodak camera, dating from about 1930 (this model was manufactured from 1928 to 1933 ): Vanity Kodak . Specifically the camera you will become part of our collection is blue , this model is manufactured in blue, brown, green, gray and red

This camera performed exhibitions 4,5x6cms roll 127 and originally cost $ 30. It is a compact camera, easy to use and could give good results outdoors

the camera design was carried out by Walter Dorwin Teague , who adapted the camera Vest Pocket e introduced aesthetics" art deco" to create the Vanity, thinking especially well to attract the female audience. Kodak launched it as " The Modern Camera For The Modern Girl" (modern chamber for the modern girl).

the advertising d of the time leaves no doubt respect, and" copy" (advertising texts have to connect the target product with your target audience) have the modern woman and cosmopolitan of the years' 30s in the spotlight, making I emphasize the beauty of the design of the device

With its finishes and details (such as the case with mirror He accompanied in the case of Vanity Ensemble, where he could keep a makeup kit with lipstick) l a camera happened almost become a fashion accessory at the time , somehow also relying on advertising images, where women do not but simply taking photographs appeared carrying the camera.

Photography Louis Daguerre Diorama reading act 17x24cm

the communiqué today we speak of historical photo extracted from a particular album & nbsp late, in the nineteenth century. In it, is immortalized the act of reading which was presented the marble plaque attached to the wall of the wall of the barracks Vérines on Calle Leon Jouhaux, Paris, where he . your setting the diorama and lab Louis Daguerre, destroyed in a fire in 1839

Without a doubt, this is a single photograph, with a high testimonial value, after more than 100 years , maintains an exceptional state of preservation. If you look in detail, we see clear reflections in blue hue, which is none other than silver . This component has been key in the history and progress of photography, from its origins with Niepce, even the most modern photographic papers.

for the first photographs, they were made in aristotype paper, as explained in a previous statement, and the image was obtained through direct blackening of a deposit dispersed silver in a binder (gelatin, collodion, casein, etc.) Hence the blue reflections we see in the image. And precisely Luois Daguerre was one of the greatest exponents in the beginning of photography


Louis Daguerre was the first popularizer of photography, inventing the daguerreotype from previous experiences Niépce in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. In fact, he knew selling so well that the French government bought the patent for the daguerreotype in July 1839 for an annual pension of 6000 francs to Daguerre and 4000 francs for the son of Joseph Niépce, because then everyone could use it freely .

But above this painter and stage decorator Daguerre designed the diorama, a visual spectacle that became popular between 1822 and 1880 Paris, London and Scotland. It was a theatrical expediency presented to the public in a room specially designed by Daguerre. Viewers watched a landscape painting whose appearance was changing

Because of its great impact on Parisian society, the French Government to pay homage wanted to Louis Daguerre with a marble plaque commemorating , which even today is still present in the streets of Paris, specifically in the beginning of the street Léon-Jouhaux, as can be seen in the following view of Google-Maps.

on the marble plaque can read the following inscription:

Here I was from 1822 to 1839
the diorama of Daguerre
and laboratory
where perfected the invention by Nicéphore Niépce

discovered the daguerreotype

Texidor 18x9 stereo camera plates

Today we speak of a very special camera, which actually took us 30 years to get. As you know our collection focuses particularly on the stereoscopic cameras, but & nbsp also features, a large representation of other cameras, among which Spanish manufacturing cameras. Well, this camera meets both characteristics, it is. one of the first and few stereoscopic cameras manufactured in Spain

Our camera was made at the end of the nineteenth century by the Texidor house in Barcelona , has a body of caobilla and leather bellows. It Includes 4 wooden photographic plates and has reached us in its original case. The camera features measures, extended, of 23,5x15,5x12,5 cms

La Casa Texidor was founded by Josep Texidor i Busquets , which opened in 1874 an establishment of fine arts items, though before that (in the sixties) he had already opened the first workshop of art photography of Barcelona . Josep Texidor was a cult and restless man professionally was related to the industry that settled in our country public gas system and introduced the metric system in Spain, on a personal level it was a great fond of painting, which only dedicated when its economic situations allowed

Josep had 8 children , some of them were devoted to painting with some recognition (Modesto and Pepita). After the death of Josep their children created the company Hijos de Josep Texidor , expanding and shifting the establishment with his son Emilio to the position of the business. A Emilio's death his widow continued with the business under the name of E. Texidor Widow, while modest family business continued parallel

In today's Barcelona still be found traces of the business of the House Texidor , a true pioneers who dared even making stereoscopic cameras

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Practical Collection 10 volumes Tourism

This we week to show you collection of stereoscopic views entitled" Tourism Practical" , and Jesus Fernandez acquired about 15 years ago. The collection consists of 10 volumes and a viewer that can also be saved in an original box-shaped volumes of hollow volumes of the collection.

In order to properly assess this collection is imported you know the Concept catalog of stereoscopic views , one of whose greatest exponents in our country was House Laurent . Laurent published from 1861 to 1880 catalogs with pictures of landscapes in Spain, grouped by subject and provinces. To make all images, in addition to their own photographs Laurent was commissioning various photographers, who sent throughout Spain to complete the funds in your file.

After Laurent, the publisher Alberto Martin (the collection before us today), he carried out a similar work thanks to a network of correspondents photographers at the beginning of the century XX , getting done with their stereoscopic views a portrait depth of the Spain of that time The collection, which data 1910-1920 consists of a large amount of stereoscopic cards to the dry plate and is composed of 10 to 14 images per series, total collection consists of 334 views.

One of the peculiarities of the publications of our collection is the views lacking dating, with the idea of ​​ prolong the shelf life of products Moreover, each of the back sides of these stereoscopic card contains a brief description of the image in Spanish, French and English, as an example in this view on Constitution Square. . Zaragoza

These views soon became a" must" for domestic tourists and international and today we allow a journey through time in 3 dimensions As always, this collection is at your disposal in the museum

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Mexican type stereo viewer Practical Tourism

This we week to show you collection of stereoscopic views entitled" Tourism Practical" , and Jesus Fernandez acquired about 15 years ago. The collection consists of 10 volumes and a viewer that can also be saved in an original box-shaped volumes of hollow volumes of the collection.

In order to properly assess this collection is imported you know the Concept catalog of stereoscopic views , one of whose greatest exponents in our country was House Laurent . Laurent published from 1861 to 1880 catalogs with pictures of landscapes in Spain, grouped by subject and provinces. To make all images, in addition to their own photographs Laurent was commissioning various photographers, who sent throughout Spain to complete the funds in your file.

After Laurent, the publisher Alberto Martin (the collection before us today), he carried out a similar work thanks to a network of correspondents photographers at the beginning of the century XX , getting done with their stereoscopic views a portrait depth of the Spain of that time The collection, which data 1910-1920 consists of a large amount of stereoscopic cards to the dry plate and is composed of 10 to 14 images per series, total collection consists of 334 views.

One of the peculiarities of the publications of our collection is the views lacking dating, with the idea of ​​ prolong the shelf life of products Moreover, each of the back sides of these stereoscopic card contains a brief description of the image in Spanish, French and English, as an example in this view on Constitution Square. . Zaragoza

These views soon became a" must" for domestic tourists and international and today we allow a journey through time in 3 dimensions As always, this collection is at your disposal in the museum

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Kodak Brownie camera # 2 model F JUBILEE

Camera manufactured in England expressly for commemorate 25 years of the reign of the kings Mary and George . This camera Brownie was manufactured in 1934 and 1935 and was marketed in 1935, the year of the anniversary of the kings

This type of product memorials are an true tradition in the UK . The first items commemorating English of such date of the celebration of the restoration of Charles II as king in 1660, followed by his coronation in 1661 and wedding in 1662. The arrival of new production methods over the past 250 years have achieved further that such products more accessible to the general public

The most common over time commemorative products are coins, stamps and products such as tea sets, but not all commemorative souvenirs have the same value are especially valued those with special significance in this regard, for example , children born in England on May 6, 1935 (day of the celebration of the Silver Jubilee) they were given a commemorative mug

In this sense we must frame our camera, which is really not another but a Kodak Brownie No.2 in silver, in clear reference to the" Silver Jubilee" which was celebrated

Schlesicky stereo viewer Strohlein

the display" Krömsköp" (in Spanish chromoscope or fotocromoscopio) (5909 id.). It is a device that, in the nineteenth century allowed to visualize scenes chromaticity based on the sensitivity of the human eye to the primary colors

Specifically, our collection is a chromoscope Schelesicky-Ströhlein made in Germany in the last third of the nineteenth century and early twentieth . Carl Friedrich Ferdinand Schelesicky was a manufacturer of stopwatches and court watchmaker to the same time. It was the first of a family saga that also displays and cameras manufactured highly valued. Among them, this chromoscope elegant mahogany

But before using this technique became widespread across Europe and the US, Frederic Eugene Ives (1856 -1937), inventor and American photographer, perfected the fotocromoscopia with which he made, among others hundreds, the only images that remain in color the 1906 earthquake in San Francisco, executed with this technique.

Earlier in 1861, the British physicist James Clerk Maxwell had obtained photos with a certain color . sandwiching red, blue and green filters with the camera lens on this basis, Ives perfected technique and created the fotocromoscopio the procedure is based on the idea of ​​Maxwell:.. the first photographer took three negative with lens cover green glass, orange and violet, which then had to deal with a gelatin solution then, through the combination of these views, sensitivity of the human eye to these allowed hues create the optical sensation of color . the novelty is that the viewer Ives allowed to use ordinary transparencies in black and white and obtain images in Color

Scheme operation of the coromoscopio

the chromoscope is a Viewport glass, staggered places the three transparencies in black and white on a glass filter of red, blue and green. brightly lit from above by the reflector of the folding mirror the three images overlap and are redirected to the lenses vision through internal crystals. Thus, adjusting it manually photography can be seen color.

Brewster stereo viewer lemon wood type

Today we speak one of the latest acquisitions for the collection of Foticos: a viewer Brewster lemon wood type . This viewer has its particular peculiarity yellow undoubtedly granted by the type of wood that is manufactured. This viewer belongs to the first model of Brewster, so it could date from 1851 , our apparatus has glass translucent and adjustable lens sideways

As we told you in Communique No. 199, laws of stereoscopic photography were made in 1832 by Charles Wheatstone. So was not David Brewster who invented the stereoscope , in fact he credited the invention of this article to Mr. Elliot, a math teacher who conceived Edinburgh the idea in 1823 and built a simple stereoscope without lenses or mirrors and was used for transparencies of landscapes drawn. The contribution of Brewster was the use of lenses to unify non-identical photos in 1849 therefore it could be said that the lenticular stereoscope (based on the use of lenses) itself was actually his invention.

Brewster was unable to find a manufacturer in England and took him to France in 1850, where the device was improved by Jules Dubosq , reducing the size and creating handheld devices that became known as . stereoscope of Brewster type viewer type Brewster was admired by queen Victoria when it was unveiled at the Great exhibition in the Crystal Palace of 1851 Before the end of the Brewster exhibition presented to the queen. Victoria with a model of gift Dubosq had made especially for her, resulting in a fashion that managed to sell 250,000 stereoscope in three months

the display Brewster managed to standardize the size and shape of the stereograph, thus allowing its production outside millionaire . his model ushered in the era of the" stereoscope of living" , because the device it became a familiar fixture in homes in Britain and the United States. the display type Brewster allowed people of his time first saw the 3D world, to us, accustomed to 3D vision allows us to also access a gone world that would otherwise have been lost to us.

Spy Camera Magic Introduction Company Photoret

Today we want to show a recent addition to the museum Foticos: a spy camera size very small known as The Photoret

the camera Photoret manufactured by Magic Introduction Company from 1894 to 1901 , was one of the smallest cameras of their time. appearance of a pocket watch , this camera cost $ 2.50 and was widely publicized by its ease of use. The Magic Introduction Company manufactured toys and optical material and it also this type of spy cameras tiny

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This camera was designed in 1893 by Dickson, in the time was assistant to Thomas Edison . the camera was later improved and patented by Casler. the Photoret was made in New York and distributed in a wooden box like the one that has come into our hands. the weight camera only 112 grams and has a diameter of 6 cm, using film disk 6 exhibitions. really small (13mm) that" photette" were called soon produced a large number of accessories and materials processing for this singular camera

The Magic Introduction Company gave way to the creation of the American Mutoscope Company in 1895, which would focus on the moving image .

Spy Camera estereo Secam Stereophot

This we week to show you a very special stereo system, since there are very few units in the world . This is the Stereophot of Secam, & nbsp mark; dating from 1956 and was made in France using two Stylophot Deluxe cameras mounted on a spice plate l

The Stylophot was an elongated chamber with clip to carry on the jacket pocket, actually this camera was made to look like a pen , hence its name. Although its shape and the clip itself reminiscent of a pen, the camera is too large and heavy to be carried in . pocket the Stylophot Deluxe, which is the model of the two chambers that make up our Stereophot, differed from other versions of your lens Roussel the Stylophot, designed by Fritz Kaftanski must be framed within the spy cameras

The Stereophot is not so much a CAMRA itself, it is an accessory that allows coupling the two Stylophot cameras and ensure synchronization of the shot . the Stereophot our collection also includes its case and is in perfect condition.

Old wooden stereoscope Felix POTIN 1 view

Felix Potin was a French businessman born in 1820. at age 24 he opened his first store in Paris at this store many more followed until in 1860 opened its two-storey stores on Boulevard de Sebastopol Paris. He later opened a factory on the outskirts of Paris and even established in 1870 service delivery

on the death of the founder of the business continued to grow, expanding factories and stores to 1200 stores. Felix Potin managed to change the type of business, selling products manufactured and packed in their own company, uniting sales and distribution under the same brand

Part of the marketing strategy loyalty client Potin was to launch photo album style carte de visite, who offered their chocolate bars from 1898 until well into the twentieth century, so that customers could collect them in different albums

Potin also created stereoscopic views and to view them created the viewer has come to our private collection. viewer wooden Brewster type in very good condition Potin also created collections of stereoscopic views of the Universal Exhibition of 1900 in Paris, so definitely viewer our collection could be dated to the end of the nineteenth century.

You can say that the contributions of the company Felix Potin not only have allowed the development of new marketing strategies, but with its shops even greatly renovated and modernized Paris.

Stereo viewer Educa desktop

Today I bring you the stereoscopic viewer table Educa , manufactured by A. Mattey (leading manufacturer of stereoscopes late nineteenth and early twentieth). Mattey produced stereoscope under different brands, reserving the brand Unis France for those higher quality

This wooden display mac Iza dates from around 1920 and was created for educational purposes, so its design is really solid and easy to use. This type of viewers were often used in schools as school materials

in addition to this viewer includes in its bottom compartment door where you can store the glass plates of the series" La France" which includes the display of our collection . It is 42 plates 13x18cms, each with 12 pairs of photographic thumbnails for stereo display, ie in total add 504 stereo photos.

There is no doubt that this type of viewers were a very useful tool when displaying a vision comprehensive of France in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth-and also in 3D! the development of stereoscopic photography allowed our ancestors to know countless impossible places to visit at that time.

As always this piece of history of stereoscopic photography is at your disposal in the museum

SHADOW magazine number 68

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOWS magazine number 74

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOWS magazine number 69

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOWS magazine number 75

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOWS magazine number 80

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOW magazine number 78

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOW magazine number 77

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOWS magazine number 84

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week

SHADOW magazine number 83

Today we want you to know a publication that was first published in 1944, in the postwar period and was part history of Spanish photography. the magazine Shadows

The magazine Shadows, founded by Domingo de Luis, was published in Madrid 1944-1954 and became the diffuser body of the Royal Photographic Society of Madrid . This magazine, which since 1946 became directed by Eduardo Susanna, Federico Velilla and C. Batalla Altamirano, was also . predecessor of the magazine Art Photo , which has continued to this day

the magazine Shadows was the first photographic publication of the war and the official magazine of the Royal photographic Society of Madrid, the second oldest in Europe after the Royal photographic Society .

Shadows was used as a platform for creations and activities of members of the Royal . Shadows published several yearbooks, which appeared different associations or photographic groups, counted along and across the Spanish geography.

in our possess collection number of copies magazine, as well as several volumes yearbooks compiled publication of 12 months. We leave you some examples that are part of our collection

Note that in the Actualizad the Royal Photographic Society of Zaragoza edits a publication called Shadow-Foto, alluding to the magazine we want you to know this week